Cryptocurrency: the disruptor of financial technology

Blockchain, sidechain, mining-terms in the secret world of cryptocurrency keep accumulating. Although the introduction of new financial terms in the already intricate financial world sounds unreasonable, cryptocurrency provides a much-needed solution to one of the biggest troubles of today’s money market-transaction security in the digital world. In the fast-developing world of financial technology, cryptocurrency is a defining and destructive innovation. It is a related response to the demand for secure exchange media in the era of virtual transactions. In an era when transactions are only numbers and numbers, cryptocurrency proposes to do this!

In the most basic form of the term, cryptocurrency is a proof of concept that replaces virtual currency, which promises secure and anonymous transactions through a peer-to-peer online mesh network. The misnomer is more of property than actual currency. Unlike everyday currencies, the cryptocurrency model operates as a decentralized digital mechanism without central authority.In the distributed cryptocurrency mechanism, funds are issued, managed and recognized by a collective community peer-to-peer network, and the continuous activities of the network are called mining On the companion’s machine. Successful miners will also receive gold coins to thank them for their time and resources. Once used, the transaction information will be broadcast to the blockchain in the network with a public key, thereby preventing each coin from being spent twice by the same user. Think of the blockchain as a register of cashiers. The coins are protected behind a password-protected digital wallet that represents the user.

Any individual, organization, government entity, and financial institution can freely determine the supply of coins in the digital currency world. Cryptocurrency systems are known for their speed, because transactions on digital wallets can be funded within minutes compared to traditional banking systems. By design, it is also largely irreversible, thereby further supporting the idea of ‚Äč‚Äčanonymity and eliminating any further opportunities for the money to be recovered to its original owner. Unfortunately, the distinctive features-speed, security, and anonymity-also make encrypted coins a transaction method for many illegal transactions.

Just like currency markets in the real world, currency exchange rates in the digital coin ecosystem also fluctuate. As the number of coins is limited, as the demand for currency increases, the value of coins will expand. Bitcoin is by far the largest and most successful cryptocurrency, with a market capitalization of $15.3 billion, accounting for 37.6% of the market, and is currently priced at $8,997.31. Bitcoin entered the currency market at a price of $19,783.21 per coin in December 2017, and then suddenly plummeted in 2018. Part of the decline was due to the emergence of alternative digital coins such as Ethereum, NPCcoin, Ripple, EOS, Litecoin and MintChip.

Because its supply is subject to hard-coded restrictions, cryptocurrencies are considered to follow the same economic principles as gold-prices are determined by limited supply and fluctuations in demand. As the exchange rate continues to fluctuate, its sustainability remains to be seen. Therefore, investment in virtual currencies is currently more than speculation in the daily currency market.

After the industrial revolution, this digital currency is an essential part of technological disruption. From the perspective of a casual observer, this rise may seem both exciting, threatening and mysterious. Although some economists are skeptical, others see it as a lightning revolution in the currency industry. To be conservative, by 2030, digital coins will replace about a quarter of the national currencies of developed countries. This has created a new asset class along with the traditional global economy, and in the next few years, new investment vehicles will come from crypto finance. Recently, Bitcoin may have begun to fall to attract the attention of other cryptocurrencies. But this does not mean that cryptocurrency itself will collapse. Although some financial advisers emphasized the government’s role in cracking down on the secret world to regulate central governance mechanisms, other advisers insisted on continuing the current free flow. The more popular cryptocurrencies are, the more scrutiny and regulation they attract. This is a common paradox that casts a shadow over digital sticky notes and erode the main purpose of their existence. Either way, the lack of intermediary and supervision makes it extremely attractive to investors and leads to huge changes in daily transactions. Even the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is worried that cryptocurrencies will replace central banks and international banking in the near future. After 2030, conventional commerce will be dominated by the encrypted supply chain, which will reduce friction between skilled buyers and sellers and increase economic value.

If cryptocurrency aspires to become an important part of the existing financial system, it will have to meet very different financial, regulatory and social standards. It must be hacker-proof, consumer-friendly, and strictly protected in order to provide basic benefits for the mainstream currency system. It should preserve the anonymity of users and should not become a channel for money laundering, tax evasion and Internet fraud. Since these are the necessities of digital systems, it will take several years to understand whether cryptocurrencies can fully compete with real-world currencies. Although it may happen, the success of cryptocurrency in meeting the challenge will determine the fate of the monetary system in the coming days.